A new TUC report published today (Wednesday) sets out an investment plan for public transport across England and Wales to meet net zero targets, improve quality of life, and boost the UK economy.
The TUC says that the plan fills a gaping hole in the government’s recently published net-zero strategy, which failed to explain how ‘modal shift’ away from car use will be achieved that the Committee on Climate Change says is necessary.
The report includes a section on the investment needed in the West Midlands and the benefits it will bring. (Pages 63-65)
Overview of plan
The investment plan published today – produced for the TUC by Transport for Quality of Life – is designed to meet the UK’s target to cut emissions by 68% by 2030 (from 1990 levels).
The transition to electric cars is vital, but not sufficient. The UK Climate Change Committee warns that: “Electric vehicles must not be the sole focus, with action also needed on demand and a modal shift.”
To reach the 2030 emissions target, a reduction in total car mileage of at least 20% is needed.
The Scottish government has already set a target to achieve this reduction. Today’s report sets out how it can be achieved in England (not including London) and Wales, based on the combination of:
The plan would require an average of £9.9 billion in annual capital expenditure up to 2035. And the additional operating costs for expanded bus, tram and rail services would reach £18.8bn annually by 2030.
Economic and social benefits
The plan is estimated to boost annual GDP by £52.1 billion in England and Wales through productivity gains, including £7.3 billion in the West Midlands.
This estimate is based on productivity comparisons with European population centres that have better public transport provision than the UK.
Further GDP gains:
The investment plan will generate GDP growth from construction work and supply chains through the period of capital expenditure to 2035.
In less urbanised areas where the estimated productivity gains are lower due to the nature of industry, the investment plan can support growth in sectors like tourism and hospitality.
Around 10,000 additional jobs (operation and maintenance) in the bus industry and a further 77,000 in construction/manufacture of bus infrastructure and electric buses.
Around 200 additional jobs in the light rail/tram industry (operation and maintenance only) and 11,000 in construction over 12 years.
Around 9,000 additional jobs in the rail industry (operation and maintenance only) and 177,000 in construction over 12 years.
In 2020, a fifth of UK households had no access to a car, rising to 35% in the lowest income bracket.
This plan will extend social and economic inclusion by increasing routes and reducing journey time, aiding journeys for accessing work, public services, retail, leisure, family, and friends.
Public transport use has health benefits compared to cars, as journeys tend to include walking or cycling to access services.
New public transport services
The TUC believes that ministers and transport authorities should consult the public about how to extend and upgrade public transport services where they live and work.
However, the TUC recommends the following as part of the overall programme that the investment plan could fund:
TUC Midlands Regional Secretary Lee Barron said:
"Everyone knows that we have to cut carbon emissions – and that switching to public transport is a big part of how do it.
"Investing in public transport will help us meet net zero targets and cut the threat of catastrophic climate change. And it creates jobs throughout the Midlands, boosts the economy in every community, and improves everyone’s quality of life.
“HS2 is showing how transport infrastructure can be a driver of wider economic growth and opportunities for local communities. The new HS2 station and the associated regeneration of Digbeth is exciting. And along with Birmingham Interchange we have the very real opportunity to become the beating heart of a 21st century Britain.
“But we have to make this a reality. We need the network to extend to Leeds and Manchester, to free up local connections here in the Midlands so we can deliver more local trains and deliver more growth and more jobs. We have the plans. We have the ambition. We need government to now step up to the plate to give us the investment we need.
“Commuters will have faster and cheaper journeys to work. New connections will bring new businesses to places where people need economic opportunities. We will save lives with cleaner air. And we will reduce loneliness and isolation by making everyone better connected, wherever you live.
“With this report, we’ve done the work that Conservative ministers should have done with their empty and incompetent net zero strategy.”
- Public transport for the climate emergency – full report: The report was written for the TUC by Transport for Quality of Life. Full copies can be downloaded here: https://www.tuc.org.uk/sites/default/files/2023-04/PublicTransportForTheClimateEmergency_.pdf
- Why London is not included: The Mayor of London has set ambitious targets for the capital to reach net zero emissions by 2030, compared to the UK target year of 2050. This will require progress on a faster scale than covered by the methodology in this report. For a longer explanation of London’s needs, and the reasons for excluding it from the calculations, see pages 20-21 of the report.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) in the Midlands exists to make the working world a better place for everyone. We bring together more than 1 million working people who make up our 48 member unions. We support unions to grow and thrive, and we stand up for everyone who works for a living.
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