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Redundancy occurs when the employer no longer needs the same number of employees to do the same job at the same workplace. This may be because of a reduction in work, the closure of a workplace, relocation or a reorganisation. As a result of the need for fewer people the employer dismisses one or more employees. 

Those being made redundant have legal rights: 

  • to be consulted in advance, in order to discuss alternatives; 
  • to be given reasons for the redundancy; 
  • to be selected for redundancy according to an objectively fair process if more than one person is affected by the change, and to know the basis of the selection system; 
  • to try out any alternative offer of suitable work for four weeks; and 
  • to take reasonable time off, with pay, to look for alternative work or training (only employees who have worked for their employer for two years have this right). 

In addition, employees with at least two years' service are entitled to a redundancy payment. 

Note: This content is provided as general background information and should not be taken as legal advice or financial advice for your particular situation. Make sure to get individual advice on your case from your union, a source on our free help page or an independent financial advisor before taking any action.
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