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  • Network Rail plans to cut 2,500 safety-critical jobs will increase the risk of major rail accidents
  • Ministers’ demands for train operator cuts will also put services at risk of being permanently stopped, unions warn
  • Commuters should not be “packed like sardines in unsafe trains” says TUC

Rail funding cuts will compromise passenger safety and could mean the loss of much needed train services, a new TUC report has warned today (Wednesday).

The report details the likely consequences of spending cuts planned by Network Rail and of government cuts to funding for train services.

Threat to passenger safety

Network Rail plans to cut annual expenditure by £100 million, mainly through the loss of 2,500 rail maintenance jobs.

Previously unpublished RMT analysis of Network Rail data finds that this will lead to 670,000 fewer hours of maintenance work annually.

The TUC says it is impossible to make those cuts without losing many safety-critical jobs.

Network Rail responsibilities include track maintenance - essential to avoiding accidents fatal like Hatfield, which was the result of the metal tracks fatiguing.

Network Rail is also responsible for maintaining signals to ensure trains are on time and prevent collisions, for the electricity supply to the network, and for the safe upkeep of buildings including public spaces like the UK’s largest rail stations.

Cuts to funding for train operating services

In addition to major cuts at Network Rail, the Treasury has ordered the Department for Transport to slash its annual budget by 10% as part of last year’s Spending Review.

Following this, the DfT wrote to train operating companies telling them to plan for major cuts to operating costs. 

Unions are concerned that the DfT’s demand for cuts signifies intention to reduce public funding for rail services. With ticket revenue still not fully recovered from the pandemic, this could mean that many rail services are permanently stopped across all parts of the UK.

Build back a rail service fit for the 21st Century

The TUC says that the government needs a clear plan to build back better rail services and make rail travel the most attractive option for more public travel and freight.

They say ministers must protect rail services while passenger levels continue their recovery from the pandemic, arguing that a network with greater capacity and more services is essential to the future strength of the UK economy and to reaching net zero emissions.

The TUC adds that decent rail services are essential for regional growth.

Today’s report recommends:

  • Ministers should withdraw requirements for Network Rail to make cuts and provide sufficient funding to maintain safety, improve quality, and expand rail services.
  • Network Rail should bring all outsourced services back in-house – directly employing workers to undertake vital renewals (such as replacing end of life tracks) could save more than £115m each year.
  • Ministers should integrate all train services under a single public-owned operator, uniting tracks, rolling stock and train services, and recognising that the railways are an essential public service to be run for public benefit with profits reinvested in the service.

TUC General Secretary Frances O’Grady said:

“We all want good transport links for our community, with frequent, safe, reliable and affordable trains.

"But if the Network Rail cuts go ahead it will mean the loss of safety-critical jobs and a greater risk of serious accidents like Stonehaven, Potters Bar and Hatfield.

“Ministers must not risk passenger safety through funding cuts to Network Rail.”

On the threat to train services, Frances added:

“Our railways are still recovering after the pandemic. The last thing the government should be doing is slashing funding.

“But ministers are demanding cuts that would disrupt services and see fewer trains on our railways.

“We need a better vision for the future of Britain’s railways than commuters packed like sardines in unsafe trains.

“Ministers must recognise that world’s most successful railways are in public ownership, with public subsidy instead of money sucked out by shareholders.”

On rail funding and reaching net zero emissions, Frances added:

“We all want to reach net zero and stop climate chaos, and rail is one of the greenest ways to get around. Ministers need to make rail the most attractive option for more journeys. But you can’t do that by cutting back on safety and services. We need to build a bigger and better rail service.”

Editors note

- TUC report – The future of rail funding in the UK: The full report can be found here:

- Cuts to maintenance jobs and hours: RMT calculated that the cuts proposed by Network Rail would amount to 670,000 hours fewer maintenance scheduled tasks using data supplied to them by Network Rail.

- Network Rail outsourcing costs: RMT calculated the potential savings using figures published by Network Rail on all spending on contracts worth over £25,000:  

- Cuts to train services: The Department for Transport’s managing director of rail passenger services, Peter Wilkinson, wrote to train operators in late 2021 telling them that the government requires cuts to their expenditure.

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