In 2016 the UK grew by 1.6%. London grew by 3.0%.
The story of London moving further away from the rest of the UK continues.
Growth in London was treble the (unweighted) average growth of 1.0% across regions and nations outside London.
Growth was at least positive across all regions and nations, except for a fall of 1% in the North East.
2016 GVA growth, real terms, per cent
The chart below shows growth in London outpacing average growth across the rest of the UK in every year since 2010, except for 2015. Though this was also the norm in the three years in the run up to the financial crisis.
1999-2016 GVA growth, real terms, per cent
As a result, London now accounts for 23.4 per cent of UK GVA. That’s approaching a quarter. In 1998, the earliest figures the ONS publish, it was less than a fifth.
London as a % share of UK GVA
Plainly the government have taken note of these dismal outcomes and there is much talk of Northern Powerhouses and Midland engines. But the reality is very different to the rhetoric. And we should remember that London is very far from perfect, with excessive reliance on finance and related industries that advantage the few, not the many. The need is for a serious industrial strategy with a serious regional dimension.
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