The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) advises employers to follow five steps when carrying out a workplace risk assessment:
Step 1: Identify hazards, i.e. anything that may cause harm.
Employers have a duty to assess the health and safety risks faced by their workers. Your employer must systematically check for possible physical, mental, chemical and biological hazards.
This is one common classification of hazards:
Step 2: Decide who may be harmed, and how.
Identifying who is at risk starts with your organisation's own full- and part-time employees. Employers must also assess risks faced by agency and contract staff, visitors, clients and other members of the public on their premises.
Employers must review work routines in all the different locations and situations where their staff are employed. For example:
Employers have special duties towards the health and safety of young workers, disabled employees, nightworkers, shiftworkers, and pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Step 3: Assess the risks and take action.
This means employers must consider how likely it is that each hazard could cause harm. This will determine whether or not your employer should reduce the level of risk. Even after all precautions have been taken, some risk usually remains. Employers must decide for each remaining hazard whether the risk remains high, medium or low.
Step 4: Make a record of the findings.
Employers with five or more staff are required to record in writing the main findings of the risk assessment. This record should include details of any hazards noted in the risk assessment, and action taken to reduce or eliminate risk.
This record provides proof that the assessment was carried out and is used as the basis for a later review of working practices. The risk assessment is a working document. You should be able to read it. It should not be locked away in a cupboard.
Step 5: Review the risk assessment.
A risk assessment must be kept under review in order to:
To access the admin area, you will need to setup two-factor authentication (TFA).